Python Features: 10 Unique Features Of Python You Should Know

Comparing to any other programming language, Python is the fastest growing language in the world. Python has the most unique features and provides very ease to programmers by breaking complex programming into simple modular form. This is why Python is the third most popular programming language. Today we'll cover the most Python features that you should know.

Here are 10 Unique Features Of Python You Should Know

Here we've compiled the list of all unique and important features so that you get an easy overview. So, let's begin.

1. Syntax

If you've tried C, C++, or Java, these require at least 5-6 lines of code to just print "Hello, World!" on the console. Well! This is not in the case with Python language. You can print hello world using just a syntax print "hello world!"
See, how easy is that! Just using the print() function allows you to print anything you want on the console including integer value (0-9), float value, etc. And "\n" is used for the next line. Along with that, you don't need to assign the semicolon at the end of the statement that makes it the most simple syntax programming language.
You can learn more about syntax in Python from W3School Python.

2. Dynamic

Dynamic explains why Python is so simple. Unlike C/C++ and Java, Python is a dynamically typed programming language in which you don't need to assign the type of variable/data types in front of a variable. It dynamically detects data type from the value of the variable at compile time.

Let's understand with examples:

As you can see in the above images, you don't need to assign the data type to the variables. You just need a unique variable name and assign any value you want. It will automatically assign data type at program compile time. That's the main benefit of Dynamic. For your kind information JavaScript is also a dynamic programming language.

3. Interpreted

Python is a high-level interpreted programming language. In an interpreter, programs are executed line by line from high level to low-level language or machine language. It makes debugging a lot easier and so for error handling. However, interpreters are slower than compilers but there are some major advantages over compilers as well. In Python, source code compiled into .py format first, also know as Bytecode and this byte code can run on any computer architecture.

4. Web Development

Python can be used for Web Development. Flask and Django both are very popular Python frameworks for web development. Python provides very powerful tools to work with websites such as built-in development server, integrated support for unit testing, fast debugger, Jinja2 template, and many more. You can interact with databases (MySQL, MS SQL, etc) as well. To become a web developer in Python you must have basic knowledge of HTML and CSS before. For your information, Flask is recommended for beginners and Django for advanced users.

5. Python for Data Science

There are many applications of Python and Data Science is of them. After R programming, Python is highly integrated with data science. It provides so many scientific tools to interact with data science such as TensorFlow, Thea-np, PyTorch, Apache spark, NumPy, Matplotlib, Keras, and many more. These tools are open source & free to download. You can use these for visualize data, statistics calculations, and also interact with databases. Along with that, You can learn Machine learning, Artificial Intelligence also known as Neural programming, and other advanced topics.

6. Portable

As I explained above how Python program gets executed on a machine. At first round the program compiles into byte code then machine code. And because of byte code Python is portable.

Now let's understand it in a better way with example. Let's suppose you've written a Python program for Windows. Now if you want to run it on Linux or Mac, you don't need to make any changes to program source code. In simple words, you have to write code only for once for a platform and then you can run it on any platform. So you can also say that Python is distributed as well.

7. Integrated

Integrity simply shows the flexibility of a programming language with another programming language. Python easily can be paired with other programming languages like with C/C++ and Java codes, and embedded into the real application.

Programming Fact: Both(Java+Python) codes compile into Bytecode using Python compiler, which is entirely written in Java.

8. Very Large Standard Library 

Python is very vast and widely spread into multiple platforms and so for its standard library. It provides a very large standard library supporting tons of frameworks, packages, tools, etc. Some popular libraries are TensorFlow, Scikit-Learn, Numpy, PyTorch, etc. You can learn the whole documentation of the Python Standard Library. Also, you may like top 10 Python Libraries.

9. GUI Programming

Yes! Python supports GUI Programming. Tkinter, Kivy, and pyGUI are some frameworks of Python, offers you tons of tools to make an interactive GUI program. Also, it supports cross-platform GUI programs. Here are 6 best Python GUI frameworks you may like it. To get started with GUI in Python, You must start with Tkinter first. Click here for Tkinter tutorials.

10. Scripting & Hacking

Python is a General Purpose Scripting language along with programming language. Yes! it can be used for building programs as well as for ethical hacking purpose. You can use it to automate the task or process. Scanning vulnerability, Password attacks, and other operations are very easy to perform with Python.

Why You Should Choose Python?

As you can see, Python is a very powerful multi-purpose programming language. With this huge library support and tons of Python features Python easily can replace many popular programming languages. Along with all these features, Python provides simplicity and very ease to the programmer. That's the main reason why many programmers are shifting towards Python and you should also choose Python as your first programming language.

Well! I'm not forcing you to choose Python programming language, however, you get more opportunites in Python language. There are many options available in the market, you can choose whatever you want. Every language has its own priority and some pros & cons.

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